Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy for New Mexico

 

Web Database Help and User Manual

 

This is a supplement to the online database for the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy for New Mexico. 

Click on the  to navigate to the Table of Contents. 

 

The Table of Contents provides an overall index of the site.  The Roadmap provides a quick list of often used subjects for ease of navigation.  A glossary is provided to address questions regarding specific terms used within the CWCS/NM and this website. Table and figure number refer to those within the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy for New Mexico.

 

Quick Tips 

 

Search a table or Help

In browser select [CTRL] and F to bring up a search dialogue

Sort Queries

Click the arrows () to sort the data.

Search Data

Use the Google Search query

Copy data to spreadsheet

Select table and info of interest.  Hit [CTRL] + C to copy and then paste to spreadsheet. 

MS Internet Explorer

MS Internet Explorer may allow you to select data and with a right click export directly to MS Excel.

FireFox

To query, search and filter HTML tables generated in this database, a FireFox user can download the extension TableTools from Mozilla.

 

Table of Contents

Quick Tips. 1

Table of Contents. 1

Roadmap. 2

Home. 4

CWCS/NM Document 5

Assessments and Strategies. 7

Ecoregion Analyses. 8

Watershed Analyses. 10

Riparian Habitats (Statewide Riparian) 12

Ephemeral Habitats and Perennial Tanks (Statewide Aquatic) 13

Additional Species of Greatest Conservation Need. 14

Database Queries. 15

Species. 15

Habitat 16

Custom Query for Attributes of Species and Habitats. 17

Query Output 18

Query Strategies by Ecological Framework, Key Habitat, and Keyword. 19

Spatial Data and Maps. 20

Ecological Framework Spatial Data (Figures 3-5;3-6) 20

Key Habitats in New Mexico (Figures 5-1 to 5-6 and 5-9 to 5-16) 20

Key Habitats in Ecological Frameworks. 20

Miscellaneous Spatial Data (Figures 4-5;4-7;4-8;7-1) 21

SWReGAP Data Used in Development of CWCS/NM (Figures 3-1;3-3;3-4) 21

Species Distribution Models. 21

Links. 26

Contact Us. 26

List of Differences between Published CWCS/NM for New Mexico and Web-deployed database. 27

List of Ecological Frameworks and Corresponding Key Habitats. 29

Glossary. 31


 Roadmap

 

Table 1.  Road Map for use in the New Mexico CWCS/NM database.

Looking For

Page

Description

Species of Greatest Conservation Need

Go To Database Queries – click Species of Greatest Conservation Need in New Mexico

 

OR

 

Go to Assessments and Strategies – Click Statewide Assessments and Strategies (Chapter 4) and select Species of Greatest Conservation Need Report (Table 4-1)

 

This query lists species of greatest conservation need as well as their state codes, national codes, global codes, federal status, New Mexico status, chapter 17 authority, and New Mexico game species status.

Indicative Species List

Go To Database Queries  – click Species Indicative of the Health and Diversity of New Mexico Wildlife

List of species indicative of New Mexico's diverse life zones, habitats, and natural heritage as well as their state codes, national codes, global codes, federal status, New Mexico status, Chapter 17 Authority, and New Mexico game species status. Includes indication if species is declining, vulnerable, endemic/disjunct/ keystone, wide ranging and recreational/ economic/charismatic, which are scored 1 if true and combined for a total score.

SGCNs and Factors that Influence Species

Go To Database Queries  – click Species of Greatest Conservation Need and Factors that Influence Species

This query lists species of greatest conservation need as well as their factors that influence them.

Additional SGCN species not associated with key habitats.

Go To Database Queries  – click Link to Additional Species of Greatest Conservation Need

This link provides species specific information for 8 SGCN plus information for all arthropod SGCNs.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need by ecological framework and/or key habitat

Go To Database Queries  – click Choose Selections under Query Strategies by Ecological Framework, Key Habitat, and Keyword

Provides a query of species of greatest conservation need identified within the CWCS/NM by ecological framework (e.g. Canadian Watershed) and/or Key Habitat (e.g. Perennial 1st/2nd order streams).

Species of Greatest Conservation Need by county

Go To Database Queries  – click Choose Selections under Custom Query for Attributes of Species and Habitats. Select framework in which county resides. 

 

Note: Use Maps of frameworks provided under Assessments and Strategies and Assessments and Strategies for Key Habitats Within Ecological Frameworks.

Use the generated query and compare to query of BISON-M for county of occurrence. 

Key Habitats within the CWCS/NM

Go To Database Queries  – click Key Habitats in New Mexico

In order to focus conservation actions on those habitats and communities most essential to conserving New Mexico’s SGCN, we designated key habitats from among the 113 habitat types identified in New Mexico.

CWCS/NM in a PDF Version

Go To CWCS/NM Document – Select portion of document wanted

The entire CWCS/NM document is provided in PDF format.  Separate sections are available via links on this page.

Statewide Assessment and Strategies

Go to Assessments and Strategies then select Statewide Assessments and Strategies – Select portion of document wanted

This section provides the statewide assessments and strategies in database and tabular format. 

Assessments and Strategies Within Ecological Frameworks

Go to Assessments and Strategies then select Assessments and Strategies for Key Habitats Within Ecological Frameworks

This section provides the assessment and strategies sections of the CWCS/NM based on the ecological framework.  Output is in text and tabular format.

Habitat Conditions by ecological framework and/or key habitat

Go To Database Queries  – click Choose Selections

Provides a query of habitat condition by  ecological framework (e.g. Canadian Watershed) and/or Key Habitat (e.g. Perennial 1st/2nd order streams).

Problems Affecting Habitats by ecological framework and/or key habitat

Go To Database Queries  – click Choose Selections

Provides a query of problems affecting habitats identified within the CWCS/NM by ecological framework (e.g. Canadian Watershed) and/or Key Habitat (e.g. Perennial 1st/2nd order streams) and/or Key words describing these problems.

Information Gaps by ecological framework and/or key habitat

Go To Database Queries  – click Choose Selections

Provides a query of Information Gaps identified within the CWCS/NM by ecological framework (e.g. Canadian Watershed) and/or Key Habitat (e.g. Perennial 1st/2nd order streams) and/or Key words describing these information gaps.

Research, Survey and Monitoring Needs by ecological framework and/or key habitat

Go To Database Queries  – click Choose Selections

Provides a query of Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs identified within the CWCS/NM by ecological framework (e.g. Canadian Watershed) and/or Key Habitat (e.g. Perennial 1st/2nd order streams) and/or Key words describing these Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs.

Desired Future Outcomes by ecological framework and/or key habitat

Go To Database Queries  – click Choose Selections

Provides a query of Desired Future Outcomes identified within the CWCS/NM by ecological framework (e.g. Canadian Watershed) and/or Key Habitat (e.g. Perennial 1st/2nd order streams.

Conservation Actions by ecological framework and/or key habitat

Go To Database Queries  – click Choose Selections

Provides a query of Conservation Actions identified within the CWCS/NM by ecological framework (e.g. Canadian Watershed) and/or Key Habitat (e.g. Perennial 1st/2nd order streams) and/or Key words describing these Conservation Actions.

GIS Data, Maps or Images

Select dataset Under Spatial Data and Maps

This page contains the all the spatial data used in creation of the CWCS/NM.  Data is presented is listed with corresponding document figures.   A map, a zipped file of the dataset, and metadata are provided for each dataset.

Maps of Key Habitats

Go to Assessments and Strategies then select Assessments and Strategies for Key Habitats Within Ecological Frameworks. Then select appropriate Ecological Framework. Click on image to view or print map.

Maps depicting key habitats as found in CWCS/NM are provided in png format. 

 


Home

 

This page is the CWCS/NM starting page and provides the links for a user to the CWCS/NM document in PDF format [CWCS/NM Document], core parts of the document [Assessments and Strategies], query various aspects of the document [Database Queries],  view or download maps and spatial data [Spatial Data and Maps], identify other websites [links], get contact information for the CWCS/NM [Contact Us], or view this help document [Help].

 

This page also provides a Google search engine to query this website.


CWCS/NM Document

 

Use the CWCS/NM Document page to download the New Mexico Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy document either entirely or specific pieces.  These documents are in PDF format.

 



Click Here to download the entire CWCS/NM
Title Pages and Preface

Executive Summary

Table of Contents

Roadmap to the Elements

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1:  Introduction and Purpose

Chapter 2:  Approach

Chapter 3:  New Mexico's Biodiversity

Chapter 4: Statewide Assessments and Strategies

·         Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN)

·         Synthesis of Conservation Priorities

·         Key Areas for Conservation Action

Chapter 5: Assessments and Strategies for Species of Greatest Conservation Need and Key Habitats

Key Terrestrial and Aquatic Habitats

Ecoregions

·         Apache Highlands

·         Arizona-New Mexico Mountains

·         Chihuahuan Desert

·         Colorado Plateau

·         Southern Rocky Mountains

·         Southern Shortgrass Prairie

Statewide Distributed Riparian Habitats

Statewide Distributed Ephemeral Habitats and Perennial Tanks

Watersheds

·         Canadian

·         Gila

·         Mimbres

·         Pecos

·         Rio Grande

·         San Juan

·         Tularosa

·         Zuni

Additional Species of Greatest Conservation Need

Chapter 6:  Monitoring Status and Trends

Chapter 7:  Implementation, Review, and Revision

Supporting Documentation

APPENDICES

·         Appendix A: Glossary of Terms

·         Appendix B: Species Vulnerability Criteria

·         Appendix C: Indicative Species

·         Appendix D: SWReGAP Land Cover Descriptions

·         Appendix E: Aquatic Habitat Types

·         Appendix F: Key Terrestrial Habitats

·         Appendix G: Key Aquatic Habitats

·         Appendix H: Species of Greatest Conservation Need

·         Appendix I: Factors Influencing SGCN

·         Appendix J: Factors Influencing Habitats

·         Appendix K: Descriptions of Factors Influencing Habitats

·         Appendix L: Magnitude Scores of Factors Influencing Habitats

·         Appendix M: Terrestrial Habitat Information Gaps

·         Appendix N: Aquatic Habitat Information Gaps

·         Appendix O: Terrestrial Habitats Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs

·         Appendix P: Aquatic Habitats Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs

·         Appendix Q: Habitat Associations for Other Arthropods

·         Appendix R: Interests Contacted


Assessments and Strategies

Conservation Assessments and Strategies for New Mexico

Links on this page allow users to view specific information (in HTML format) in Chapters 4 and 5 of the CWCS/NM for New Mexico. Note: In some versions of Microsoft Internet Explorer, tabular data can be exported into Microsoft Excel by right clicking on table.

 

 

 

Statewide Assessments and Strategies (Chapter 4)
This chapter describes Species of Greatest Conservation Need in New Mexico and their distribution and abundance. We further present a synthesis of conservation priorities. We also summarize the top five conservation actions necessary to overcome problems and achieve desired future outcomes listed in each ecological framework and key habitat. We end this chapter with an analysis that enhances our understanding of geographic areas where conservation efforts might be focused.  Sections from Chapter 4 are listed below.

 

Introductory Information

Species of Greatest Conservation Need Information

Species of Greatest Conservation Need Report (Table 4-1)

Approximate number and % of SGCN taxa in NM (Table 4-2)

SGCN Abundance (Includes Figure 4-1)

SGCN Distribution (Includes Figures 4-2 -4-5)

Number of SGCN Taxa by Groups (Table 4-3)

Synthesis of Conservation Priorities

Factors that Influence Species and Habitats

o        Habitat Conversion

o        Abiotic Resource Use

o        Pollution

o        Consumptive Biological Uses

o        Non-Consumptive Biological Uses

o        Invasive and Non-Native Species

o        Modification of Natural Processes and Ecological Drivers

o        Transportation Infrastructure

Synergistic Effects of Factors Influencing Species and Habitats

Information Gaps

Research Survey and Monitoring Needs

Desired Future Outcome

Prioritized Conservation Actions

Key Areas for Conservation Action

Key Areas to Consider for Planning Conservation Efforts (Figure 4-8)

 

 

Assessments and Strategies for Key Habitats Within Ecological Frameworks (Chapter 5)
This chapter is organized by ecological frameworks at the scale of ecoregions for terrestrial habitats, watersheds for aquatic habitats, and statewide for riparian, ephemeral and perennial tank habitats.

 

Introductory Information

Key Terrestrial Habitats in the Ecoregion Ecological Framework. (Table 5-1)
Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the Watershed Ecological Framework (Table 5-2)

Ecoregion Analyses

Watershed Analyses

Riparian Habitats

Ephemeral Habitats and Perennial Tanks

Additional Species of Greatest Conservation Need

 

 

Ecoregion Analyses

The Ecoregion Analysis Page allows the user to select portions of the CWCS/NM document to view.  The starting page for this is a map of the ecoregions of New Mexico. 

 

1.        Select the ecoregion of choice by directly clicking on the map..

 

2.        A selection of “Colorado Plateau Ecoregion” will yield another page that provides a detailed map of that ecoregion and links to specific information for that ecoregion.   Clicking on the map will yield a larger, more detailed map for printing.  Specific information available includes:

 

Introductory information – Descriptive information about the ecoregion.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need Information – Descriptive information about the SGCNs in this ecoregion.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need – A list of SGCN species by key habitats within the ecoregion in which they are associated.

Key Habitats –  Each key habitat is divided into seven sections (See Below).

 

 

 

 

 

3.        Within each Key Habitats listed are sections including:

 

A.      Species of Greatest Conservation Need – A list of SGCN species by taxonomic group

B.       Habitat Condition – Text from the document describing the habitat condition for that Key Habitat.

C.       Problems Affecting Habitats or Species-  Text from the document describing Problems Affecting Habitats or Species for that Key Habitat.

D.      Information Gaps - Text from the document describing Information Gaps for that Key Habitat.

E.       Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs - Text from the document describing Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs for that Key Habitat.

F.       Desired Future Outcomes - Text from the document describing the Desired Future Outcomes for that Key Habitat.

G.      Prioritized Conservation Actions - Text from the document describing the Prioritized Conservation Actions for that Key Habitat.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Watershed Analyses

For an analysis by watershed select the Watershed Analysis. This process is the same as the Ecoregion Analysis.

1.       Click on watershed of interest (e.g Gila Watershed)

 

 

 

2.        A selection of “Gila Watershed” will yield another page that provides a detailed map of that ecoregion and links to specific  information for that ecoregion.   Clicking on the map will yield a larger, more detailed map for printing.  Specific information available includes:

 

Introductory information – Descriptive information about the ecoregion.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need Information – Descriptive information about the SGCNs in this ecoregion.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need – A list of SGCN species by key habitats within the ecoregion in which they are associated.

Key Habitats –  Each key habitat is divided into seven sections.

 

 

 

 

 

3.        Within each Key Habitats listed are sections including:

 

A.      Species of Greatest Conservation Need – A list of SGCN species by taxonomic group

B.       Habitat Condition – Text from the document describing the habitat condition for that Key Habitat.

C.       Problems Affecting Habitats or Species-  Text from the document describing Problems Affecting Habitats or Species for that Key Habitat.

D.      Information Gaps - Text from the document describing Information Gaps for that Key Habitat.

E.       Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs - Text from the document describing Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs for that Key Habitat.

F.       Desired Future Outcomes - Text from the document describing the Desired Future Outcomes for that Key Habitat.

G.      Prioritized Conservation Actions - Text from the document describing the Prioritized Conservation Actions for that Key Habitat.

 

 

 

 

 


Riparian Habitats (Statewide Riparian)

This query is similar to the Ecoregion and watershed Analysis with the exception that these types were handled at a statewide level and thus the ecological framework is “Statewide Riparian.”

 

 

1.        A  detailed map of the Riparian Systems within the state is presented Clicking on the map will yield a larger, more detailed map for printing.  Specific information available includes:

 

Introductory information – Descriptive information about the ecoregion.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need Information – Descriptive information about the SGCNs in this ecoregion.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need – A list of SGCN species by key habitats within the ecoregion in which they are associated.

Key Habitats –  Each key habitat is divided into seven sections.

 

2.        Within each Key Habitat listed are sections including:

 

A.      Species of Greatest Conservation Need – A list of SGCN species by taxonomic group

B.       Habitat Condition – Text from the document describing the habitat condition for that Key Habitat.

C.       Problems Affecting Habitats or Species-  Text from the document describing Problems Affecting Habitats or Species for that Key Habitat.

D.      Information Gaps - Text from the document describing Information Gaps for that Key Habitat.

E.       Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs - Text from the document describing Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs for that Key Habitat.

F.       Desired Future Outcomes - Text from the document describing the Desired Future Outcomes for that Key Habitat.

G.      Prioritized Conservation Actions - Text from the document describing the Prioritized Conservation Actions for that Key Habitat.

 

 

 

 


Ephemeral Habitats and Perennial Tanks (Statewide Aquatic)

This query is similar to the Ecoregion and watershed Analysis with the exception that these types were handled at a statewide level and thus the ecological framework is “Statewide Aquatic.”

 

1.        A selection of “Statewide Aquatic” will yield this page with a detailed map of the entire state and links to specific information.   Clicking on the map will yield a larger, more detailed map for printing.  Specific information available includes:

 

Introductory information – Descriptive information about the ecoregion.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need Information – Descriptive information about the SGCNs in this ecoregion.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need – A list of SGCN species by key habitats within the ecoregion in which they are associated.

Key Habitats –  Each key habitat is divided into seven sections

 

 

2.        Within each Key Habitats listed are sections including:

 

A.      Species of Greatest Conservation Need – A list of SGCN species by taxonomic group

B.       Habitat Condition – Text from the document describing the habitat condition for that Key Habitat.

C.       Problems Affecting Habitats or Species-  Text from the document describing Problems Affecting Habitats or Species for that Key Habitat.

D.      Information Gaps - Text from the document describing Information Gaps for that Key Habitat.

E.       Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs - Text from the document describing Research, Survey, and Monitoring Needs for that Key Habitat.

F.       Desired Future Outcomes - Text from the document describing the Desired Future Outcomes for that Key Habitat.

G.      Prioritized Conservation Actions - Text from the document describing the Prioritized Conservation Actions for that Key Habitat.

 

 

 


Additional Species of Greatest Conservation Need

This query is similar to the Ecoregion and watershed Analysis.  There were 8 specific Species of Greatest Conservation Need and one group (Arthropods) that were handled separately within the document. 


LINKS
-Introductory Information
-
Bird, Mammal, Amphibian, and Mollusc SGCN
-
Additional Bird, Mammal, Amphibian, and Mollusc SGCN in New Mexico (Table 5-19)
-Species
  
Boreal Owl
  
Organ Mountains Colorado Chipmunk
  
Oscura Mountains Colorado Chipmunk
  
Eastern Barking Frog
  
Hacheta Grande Woodlandsnail
  
Lilljeborg's Peaclam
  
Peloncilla Mountains Talussnail
  
Sangre de Cristo Peaclam
  
Arthropod (Insecta, Arachnida, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, and Entognatha) SGCN


Database Queries

 

Links on this page allow users to query the CWCS/NM database by species, habitats, ecological region or watershed, factors that influence habitats, research and survey needs, information gaps, or conservation actions.  Four static queries for species and 3 static queries for habitat are provided.   Two custom queries are provided to allow the user to focus specifically on species and habitats or on conservation strategies.  Once query is generated you can Click the arrows () to sort the data.

 

 

Species

 

Species of Greatest Conservation Need in New Mexico
This query lists species of greatest conservation need as well as their state codes, national codes, global codes, federal status, New Mexico status, chapter 17 authority, and New Mexico game species status.  The query can be sorted by Type, Name, Scientific Name, S Codes, N Codes, G Codes, Federal Status, NM Status, Ch 17 Authority, or NM Game Species.  (See Quick tips for your browser).

 

 

Species Indicative of the Health and Diversity of New Mexico Wildlife

This query lists species indicative of New Mexico's diverse life zones, habitats, and natural heritage as well as their state codes, national codes, global codes, federal status, New Mexico status, Chapter 17 Authority, and New Mexico game species status. Also provided is indication as to whether the species is declining, vulnerable, endemic disjunct keystone, wide ranging and recreational economic charismatic, which are scored 1 if true and combined for a total score.  (See Quick tips for your browser).

 

 

 

 

Species of Greatest Conservation Need and Factors that Influence Species

This query lists species of greatest conservation need as well as the factors that influence these species.   (See Quick tips for your browser).

 

 

Link to Additional Species of Greatest Conservation Need

This query lists the 8 additional SGCN species and all the arthropods (as a group) that were not associated with a key habitat.   (See Quick tips for your browser).

 

 

Habitat

 

Key Habitats in New Mexico

In order to focus conservation actions on those habitats and communities most essential to conserving New Mexico’s SGCN, we entered into a process of designating key habitats from among the 113 habitat types identified in New Mexico (89 land cover types mapped by SWReGAP, 23 aquatic habitats, and caves). We first aggregated several similar SWReGAP land cover types. Sixteen riparian land cover types were grouped into a Riparian class (Appendix F). Further, Rocky Mountain Montane Mesic and Dry-Mesic, Conifer Forest and Woodland were grouped into one habitat. The Chihuahuan Piedmont Semi-Desert Grassland and the Chihuahuan-Sonoran Desert Bottomland and Swale Grassland types were combined as Chihuahuan Semi-Desert Grassland. The Madrean Pine-Oak and Conifer-Oak Forest and Woodlands were also aggregated as one habitat type. For the aquatic habitats, several habitat types were also aggregated (Appendix G). Ephemeral ponds, small reservoirs and tanks were combined into one habitat type. Further, perennial spring/seeps and marsh/cienegas were combined. After aggregations were completed, there were still 83 possible habitat types in New Mexico. Those found by technical teams to have one or more of the following properties were designated as key habitats:

Key Habitats and Factors that Influence Habitats
This query lists key habitats and the factors that influence them.

Ecological Framework, Key Habitats, and Factors that Influence Habitats

This query lists key habitats, ecological framework as well as factors that influence these habitats.

 


Custom Query for Attributes of Species and Habitats

The custom query of attributes of species and habitats allows the user to query multiple attributes of the database. 

 

Step 1

Select if you want to focus on “Species of Greatest Conservation Need” or “All Indicative Species”

 

This allows the user to select the species filtering level that is needed.  Attributes (columns in query output) available for each selection are listed in Here (List of Ecological Frameworks and corresponding Key Habitats)

Step 2

Select desired columns for query and click right arrow

 

 

Step 3

Select the column (by highlighting) what column is to be used as a filter.  You can select one or many of the columns.

 

Step 4

Click Choose Query Parameters

Step 5

This allows you to select specific column parameter values for your query.  For instance, you can select a specific ecoregion to filter output. You can select one or many parameter values.  To select all press the clear selection button.

 

 

 

Step 6 

Click Generate Query

Query Output

 

The below output is provided as an example of the custom query.  The query generates text to indicate if the query was focused on species of Greatest Conservation Need and the parameters that were used to filter the query.  In this case, Ecological Framework and Key Habitat were chosen to filter.  The Arizona-New Mexico Mountain Ecoregion was the Ecological Framework that was used as a filter and there were no filters identified by the Key Habitat.

 

 

 

 

Table 3.  List of columns available to query by species filtering using either the Species of Greatest Conservation Need or All Indicative Species (Including SGCN).

Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN)

All Indicative Species (Including SGCN)

Geographic Regions and Habitats

                         Ecological Framework

                         Key Habitat

                         Landscape Habitat

Species          

                         Common Name

                         Scientific Name

                         Taxon Group

                         Taxon Subgroup

Species Status

                         Federal Status

                         NM State Status

                         CH 17 Authority

                         Global Ranking (G Code)

                         National Ranking (N Code)

                         State Ranking (S Code)

                         Game Species

Indicative Species Scores

                         Declining

                         Vulnerable

                         Endemic/Disjunct/Keystone

                         Wide Ranging

                         Recreational/Economic/Charismatic

                         Total Score

Factors that Influence Species and Habitats

                         Species Factors

                         Landscape Habitat Factors

                         Categories of Habitat Factors

Scores Given to Habitat Factors

                         Scope

                         Severity

                         Magnitude (Scope + Severity)

Database Codes

                         Key Habitat Code

                         Landscape Habitat Code

                         Species Code

 

Species                 

                                Common Name

                                Scientific Name

                                Taxon Group

                                Taxon Subgroup

Species Status

                                Federal Status

                                NM State Status

                                CH 17 Authority

                                Global Ranking (G Code)

                                National Ranking (N Code)

                                State Ranking (S Code)

                                Game Species

Indicative Species Scores

                                Declining

                                Vulnerable

                                Endemic/Disjunct/Keystone

                                Wide Ranging

                                Recreational/Economic/Charismatic

                                Total Score

Database Codes

                                Species Code

 

 


Query Strategies by Ecological Framework, Key Habitat, and Keyword

This query provides a method to identify various types of CWCS/NM information in relation to the Ecological Frameworks and Key Habitats.  Additionally, the user can refine the query to focus on specific topics listed within the keyword section. A selection must be made from the Query Type.  All other sections are options for the user.

 

To use this query, the user must ensure that the ecological framework and key habitats chosen are appropriate.  For example, if an aquatic ecological framework is chosen, then the key habitats chosen should also be aquatic.  Within this query Riparian habitats are listed under terrestrial –Statewide Riparian.  Statewide Aquatic habitat, as identified by the CWCS, is listed under Aquatics.

 

 

Note: Selection of Problems Affecting Habitats and Species will yield an extensive section of all problems associated with that ecological framework and key habitats.

The resultant query identifies the Ecological Framework and key habitats for the query type the user selected.

 

Parameters selected for this query include:

Canadian Watershed

Perennial 1st/2nd order streams

 


Spatial Data and Maps

Links on this page provide access to spatial data files.  The tables provided include a description of the dataset and the corresponding figure in the CWCS/NM.  Also included are maps (View Map) in PDF format of the data as used in the CWCS/NM.  The Download Data column identifies the type of dataset (ESRI Geodatabase, ESRI Grid, ESRI Shapefile, or Erdas Imagine format) and a link to download the dataset in Winzip 9.0 format.  The final column provides metadata for each of the datasets.

 

 

 

 

Ecological Framework Spatial Data (Figures 3-5;3-6)

New Mexico Ecoregions (Figure 3-5)  View Map , Geodatabase , Metadata

New Mexico Watersheds (Figure 3-6)  View Map , Geodatabase , Metadata

Key Habitats in New Mexico (Figures 5-1 to 5-6 and 5-9 to 5-16)

* Look at Key Habitats in Ecological Frameworks for maps in greater detail.

Terrestrial Key Habitats (Figures 5-1 to 5-6)  View Map , Geodatabase , Metadata

Aquatic Key Habitats (Figures 5-9 to 5-16)  Geodatabase , Metadata

Key Habitats in Ecological Frameworks

Ecoregion / Key Habitat Data (Figures 5-1 to 5-6)

Ecoregion / Key Habitat Data (Figures 5-1 to 5-6) Terrestrial Habitat Types in the Apache Highlands (Figure 5-1) , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

Terrestrial Habitat Types in the Arizona-New Mexico Mountains (Figure 5-2) , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

Terrestrial Habitat Types in the Chihuahuan Desert (Figure 5-3) , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

Terrestrial Habitat Types in the Colorado Plateau (Figure 5-4) , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

Terrestrial Habitat Types in the Southern Rocky Mountains (Figure 5-5) , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

Terrestrial Habitat Types in the Southern Short Grass Prairie (Central Short Grass Prairie is Combined) (Figure 5-6) , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

Statewide Ecological Framework (Figures 5-7 and 5-8)


Statewide Ecological Framework (Figures 5-7 and 5-8)

Riparian Habitats in New Mexico Indicating Dick Peddie (1993) Riparian Groups. (Figure 5-7) , View Map , Geodatabase , Metadata

Key Statewide Aquatic Habitats in New Mexico. Data Does Not Exist For Ephemeral Marsh/Cienega and Manmade Catchments. (Figure 5-8) , View Map , Geodatabase ,

Watershed / Key Habitat Data (Figures 5-9 to 5-16)


Watershed / Key Habitat Data (Figures 5-9 to 5-16)

Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the Canadian Watershed (Figure 5-9) , View Map , ESRI Grid ,

Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the Gila Watershed (Figure 5-10) , View Map , ESRI Grid ,

Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the Mimbres Watershed (Figure 5-11) , View Map , ESRI Grid ,

Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the Pecos Watershed (Figure 5-12) , View Map , ESRI Grid ,

Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the Rio Grande Watershed (Figure 5-13) , View Map , ESRI Grid ,

Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the San Juan Watershed (Figure 5-14) , View Map , ESRI Grid ,

Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the Tularosa Watershed (Figure 5-15) , View Map , ESRI Grid ,

Key Perennial Aquatic Habitats in the Zuni Watershed (Figure 5-16) , View Map , ESRI Grid ,

Miscellaneous Spatial Data (Figures 4-5;4-7;4-8;7-1)

Species of Greatest Conservation Need by Watershed (Terrestrial and Aquatic) (Figure 4-5) , , Geodatabase ,

Magnitude Scores of Factors that Influence Habitats Associated With Terrestrial and Aquatic Habitats. (Figure 4-7) , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

Key Areas for Conservation Efforts (Figure 4-8) , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

Spatial depictions of priority highway segments (Figure 7-1) , View Map , Shapefile ,

SWReGAP Data Used in Development of CWCS/NM (Figures 3-1;3-3;3-4)

Species Richness Modeled by SWReGAP (Figure 3-1) , View Map , Geodatabase ,

New Mexico Land Stewardship Categorization (Figure 3-3) , View Map , Geodatabase , Metadata

Land Steward Conservation Status in New Mexico (Figure 3-4) , View Map , Geodatabase , Metadata

Land Cover Map of New Mexico , View Map , ESRI Grid , Metadata

 

Species Distribution Models  

 

Amphibian

Arizona Toad , Bufo microscaphus microscaphus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Chiricahua Leopard Frog , Rana chiricahuensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Colorado River Toad , Bufo alvarius , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Eastern Barking Frog , Eleutherodactylus augusti latrans , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad , Gastrophryne olivacea , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Jemez Mountain Salamander , Plethodon neomexicanus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Lowland Leopard Frog , Rana yavapaiensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mountain Tree Frog , Hyla eximia , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Northern Leopard Frog , Rana pipiens , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Plains Leopard Frog , Rana blairi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Rio Grande Leopard Frog , Rana berlandieri , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sacramento Mountain Salamander , Aneides hardii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Tiger Salamander , Ambystoma tigrinum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Western Boreal Toad , Bufo boreas boreas , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Western Chorus Frog , Pseudacris triseriata , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata


Birds

Abert's Towhee , Pipilo aberti , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

American Bittern , Botaurus lentiginosus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Aplomado Falcon , Falco femoralis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Baird's Sparrow , Ammodramus bairdii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Bald Eagle , Haliaeetus leucocephalus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Band-tailed Pigeon , Columba fasciata , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Bank Swallow , Riparia riparia , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Bell's Vireo , Vireo bellii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Bendire's Thrasher , Toxostoma bendirei , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Black Swift , Cypseloides niger , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Black-Throated Gray Warbler , Dendroica nigrescens , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Blue Grouse , Dendragapus obscurus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Boreal Owl , Aegolius funereus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Botteri's Sparrow , Aimophila botterii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Broad-Billed Hummingbird , Cynanthus latirostris , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Burrowing Owl , Athene cunicularia , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Common Black-Hawk , Buteogallus anthracinus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Common Ground-Dove , Columbina passerina , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Costa's Hummingbird , Calypte costae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Eared Grebe , Podiceps nigricollis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Elegant Trogon , Trogon elegans , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Elf Owl , Micrathene whitneyi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Ferruginous Hawk , Buteo regalis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gila Woodpecker , Melanerpes uropygialis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Golden Eagle , Aquila chrysaetos , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gould's Wild Turkey , Meleagris gallopavo mexicana , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Grace's Warbler , Dendroica graciae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Grasshopper Sparrow , Ammodramus savannarum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gray Vireo , Vireo vicinior , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Greater Pewee , Contopus pertinax , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Hooded Oriole , Icterus cucullatus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Interior Least Tern , Sterna antillarum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Juniper Titmouse , Baeolophus ridgwayi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Lesser Prairie-Chicken , Tympanuchus pallidicinctus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Lewis's Woodpecker , Melanerpes lewis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Loggerhead Shrike , Lanius ludovicianus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Long-Billed Curlew , Numenius americanus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Lucifer Hummingbird , Calothorax lucifer , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Lucy's Warbler , Vermivora luciae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mexican Spotted Owl , Strix occidentalis lucida , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Montezuma Quail , Cyrtonyx montezumae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mountain Plover , Charadrius montanus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mourning Dove , Zenaida macroura , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Neotropic Cormorant , Phalacrocorax brasilianus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet , Camptostoma imberbe , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Northern Goshawk , Accipiter gentilis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Northern Harrier , Circus cyaneus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Northern Pintail , Anas acuta , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Olive-Sided Flycatcher , Contopus cooperi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Osprey , Pandion haliaetus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Painted Bunting , Passerina ciris , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Painted Redstart , Myioborus pictus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Peregrine Falcon , Falco peregrinus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Pinyon Jay , Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Red-faced Warbler , Cardellina rubrifrons , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Red-Headed Woodpecker , Melanerpes erythrocephalus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sage Sparrow , Amphispiza belli , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sage Thrasher , Oreoscoptes montanus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sandhill Crane , Grus canadensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Scaled Quail , Callipepla squamata , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Snowy Plover , Charadrius alexandrinus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Southwestern Willow Flycatcher , Empidonax traillii extimus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sprague's Pipit , Anthus spragueii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Thick-Billed Kingbird , Tyrannus crassirostris , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Varied Bunting , Passerina versicolor , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Violet-Crowned Hummingbird , Amazilia violiceps , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Whiskered Screech-Owl , Otus trichopsis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

White-Faced Ibis , Plegadis chihi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

White-Tailed Ptarmigan , Lagopus leucurus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Williamson's Sapsucker , Sphyrapicus thyroideus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Wilson's Phalarope , Phalaropus tricolor , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Yellow Warbler , Dendroica petechia , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Yellow-Billed Cuckoo , Coccyzus americanus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Yellow-Eyed Junco , Junco phaeonotus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata


Fish

All Fish in Geodatabase , , , Geodatabase , Metadata

Bigscale Logperch (Native pop.) , Percina macrolepida , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Blue Catfish , Ictalurus furcatus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Blue Sucker , Cycleptus elongatus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Canadian Speckled Chub , Macrhybopsis aestivalis tetranemus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Central Stoneroller , Campostoma anomalum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Chihuahua Chub , Gila nigrescens , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Colorado Pikeminnow , Ptychocheilus lucius , View Map , ,

Desert Sucker , Catostomus clarki , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gila Chub , Gila intermedia , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gila Topminnow , Poeciliopsis occidentalis occidentalis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gila Trout , Oncorhynchus gilae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gray Redhorse , Moxostoma congestum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Greenthroat Darter , Etheostoma lepidum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Headwater Catfish , Ictalurus lupus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Headwater Chub , Gila nigra , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Loach Minnow , Rhinichthys cobitis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mexican Tetra , Astyanax mexicanus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mottled Sculpin , Cottus bairdi , View Map , ,

Pecos Bluntnose Shiner , Notropis simus pecosensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Pecos Gambusia , Gambusia nobilis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Pecos Pupfish , Cyprinodon pecosensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Rainwater Killifish , Lucania parva , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Razorback Sucker , Xyrauchen texanus , View Map , ,

Rio Grande Chub , Gila pandora , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Rio Grande Cutthroat Trout , Oncorhynchus clarki virginalis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Rio Grande Shiner , Notropis jemezanus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Rio Grande Silvery Minnow , Hybognathus amarus , View Map , ,

Rio Grande Sucker , Catostomus plebeius , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Roundtail Chub , Gila robusta , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Smallmouth Buffalo , Ictiobus bubalus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sonora Sucker , Catostomus insignis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Southern Redbelly Dace , Phoxinus erythrogaster , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Speckled Chub , Macrhybopsis aestivalis aestivalis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Spikedace , Meda fulgida , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Suckermouth Minnow , Phenacobius mirabilis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

White Sands Pupfish , Cyprinodon tularosa , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Zuni Bluehead Sucker , Catostomus discobolus yarrowi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata


Mammals

* Western Yellow Bat distribution map not available.

Abert's Squirrel , Sciurus aberti , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Allen's Big-eared Bat , Idionycteris phyllotis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

American Beaver , Castor canadensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

American Marten , Martes americana origenes , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Arizona Gray Squirrel , Sciurus arizonensis arizonensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Arizona Montane Vole , Microtus montanus arizonensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Arizona Myotis Bat , Myotis occultus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Arizona Shrew , Sorex arizonae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Black Bear , Ursus americanus amblyceps , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Black-Tailed Prairie Dog , Cynomys ludovicianus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Coues' White-Tailed Deer , Odocoileus virginianus couesi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Desert Bighorn Sheep , Ovis canadensis mexicana , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Goat Peak Pika , Ochotona princeps nigrescens , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gunnison's Prairie Dog , Cynomys gunnisoni , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Jaguar , Panthera onca arizonensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Least Shrew , Cryptotis parva , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Lesser Long-Nosed Bat , Leptonycteris curasoae yerbabuenae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mexican Gray Wolf , Canis lupus baileyi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mexican Long-Nosed Bat , Leptonycteris nivalis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mexican Long-Tongued Bat , Choeronycteris mexicana , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mule Deer , Odocoileus hemionus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse , Zapus hudsonius luteus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

New Mexico Shrew , Sorex neomexicanus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Northern Pygmy Mouse , Baiomys taylori ater , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Organ Mountains Colorado Chipmunk , Neotamias quadrivittatus australis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Oscura Mountains Colorado Chipmunk , Neotamias quadrivittatus oscuraensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Penasco Least Chipmunk , Neotamias minimus atristriatus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Pocketed Free-tailed Bat , Nyctinomops femorosacca , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Prairie Vole , Microtus ochrogaster haydenii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Preble's Shrew , Sorex preblei , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep , Ovis canadensis canadensis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Snowshoe Hare , Lepus americanus bairdii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Southern Pocket Gopher (T. u. emotus) , Thomomys umbrinus emotus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Southwestern River Otter , Lontra canadensis sonorae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Spotted Bat , Euderma maculatum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Swift Fox , Vulpes velox velox , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Western Red Bat , Lasiurus blossevillii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Western Yellow Bat , Lasiurus xanthinus , , ,

White-Nosed Coati , Nasua narica , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

White-Sided Jack Rabbit , Lepus callotis gaillardi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

White-Tailed Jack Rabbit , Lepus townsendii campanius , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Yellow-Nosed Cotton Rat , Sigmodon ochrognathus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata


Reptiles

* Little White Whiptail predicted habitat map, ERDAS IMG, and Metadata not available.
* Southwestern Fence Lizard predicted habitat map, ERDAS IMG, and Metadata not available.

Arid Land Ribbon Snake , Thamnophis proximus diabolicus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Banded Rock Rattlesnake , Crotalus lepidus klauberi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Big Bend Slider , Trachemys gaigeae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Bleached Earless Lizard , Holbrookia maculata ruthveni , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Blotched Water Snake , Nerodia erythrogaster transversa , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Bunch Grass Lizard , Sceloporus slevini , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

California Kingsnake , Lampropeltis getula californiae , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Collared Lizard , Crotaphytus collaris , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Desert Massasauga , Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Giant Spotted Whiptail , Aspidoscelis burti , View Map , ,

Gray-banded Kingsnake , Lampropeltis alterna , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Gray-Checkered Whiptail , Aspidoscelis dixoni , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Green Rat Snake , Senticolis triaspis intermedia , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Little White Whiptail , Aspidoscelis gypsi , , ,

Madrean Alligator Lizard , Elgaria kingii nobilis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mexican Garter Snake , Thamnophis eques megalops , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle , Apalone mutica mutica , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Milk Snake , Lampropeltis triangulum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mottled Rock Rattlesnake , Crotalus lepidus lepidus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Mountain Skink , Eumeces callicephalus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Narrowhead Garter Snake , Thamnophis rufipunctatus rufipunctatus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

New Mexico Garter Snake , Thamnophis sirtalis dorsalis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

New Mexico Ridgenose Rattlesnake , Crotalus willardi obscurus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Ornate Box Turtle , Terrapene ornata , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Regal Horned Lizard , Phrynosoma solare , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Reticulate Gila Monster , Heloderma suspectum suspectum , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sand Dune Lizard , Sceloporus arenicolus , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake , Lampropeltis pyromelana , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Sonoran Mud Turtle , Kinosternon sonoriense , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Southwestern Fence Lizard , Sceloporus cowlesi , , ,

Texas Banded Gecko , Coleonyx brevis , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake , Crotalus atrox , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Western Painted Turtle , Chrysemys picta bellii , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Western River Cooter , Pseudemys gorzugi , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

Yaqui Blackhead Snake , Tantilla yaquia , View Map , ERDAS IMG , Metadata

 

 

 

 

 

* Little White Whiptail distribution map not available.
* Southwestern Fence Lizard distribution map not available.

 

 

 

 


Links

The links page identifies those links that were directly used within the CWCS/NM and links to Cooperators and Collaborators.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contact Us

Contact information for the CWCS/NM and New Mexico Department of Game and Fish

William D. Graves,
Planner Director,
New Mexico Department of Game and Fish
P.O. Box 25112
Santa Fe, NM 87504
Phone (505) 476-8023
william.graves@state.nm.us

 


List of Differences between Published CWCS/NM for New Mexico and Web-deployed database.

 

Type

Description

Format

Web version does not hold bold, italics, or color coded text taken from database tables

Boxed quotes are not included in web version

Cubic metering not raised in web format (e.g. x cubed registers as x3)

Table 4-1 has a different format than document

Most tables are alphabetized by column

Some species might have slightly different common names (e.g. River otter in book and Southwestern River Otter in web pages; New Mexico replacing NM)

Habitat Perennial Marsh/Cienega/Spring/Seep is sometimes listed in different orders (e.g. Perennial Spring/Seep/Marsh/Cienega). This occurs in the document and on the web version.

Species names not always in the same order as the book

Ecoregions and Watersheds not always in same order as the book

 

 

Habitat

Madrean Encinal and Madrean Pine Oak are grouped in book and separate on web pages

 

 

Query Strategies by Ecological Framework, Key Habitat, and Keyword

Key word query provides entire description from problems affecting habitats or species, information gaps, research, survey and monitoring needs, and conservation actions.  This query does not filter out specific description in which key word is associated.

 

 

Spatial Data

Some metadata is in HTML format and some is in xml

Spatial depictions of priority highway segments has no metadata

SWReGAP_Richness mislabeled in meta data as Fish Models

The models for mottled sculpin, razorback sucker and Rio Grande silvery minnow are in Fish_Models geodatabase

no map file available for Lasurus xanthinus (Western Yellow Bat)

 

 

Species

Heart Vertigo Snail (Mollusc) in web but not in document (e.g. Table 4-1)

Silver Creek Woodlandsnail (Mollusc) in web but not in document (e.g. Table 4-1)

Cryptic species amphipod in document; Sit. Bull Sp. cryptic species Amphipod in web version.

Species name corrected from document (Oligocentria delicate corrected to Oligocentria delicata)

Dry Creek Woodlandsnail added to SGCN because it shows up in Arizona Ecoregion

Heart Vertigo snail in web pages under Molluscs and in CWCS/NM document under ecoregion but not in SGCN lists in Document for state.

A query on indicatives and total score yields a zero for some of the insects. These insects are considered because of an inclusion rule. 

Species (Cont.)

 

crustaceans Cryptic Species Amphipod in book matches Sit. Bull Sp. cryptic species Amphipod in web page

Jemez Woodlandsnail in document; Jemez Mountain Woodlandsnail in web pages.

452 SGCN species in document; 455 SGCN in web. Species are Dry Creek Woodlandsnail, Silver Creek Woodlandsnail, and Heart Vertigo snail.

Arthropod subtotal for # of SGCN is 298 in document; 301 in web. Web is ok because of differences in Mollusc numbers.

Molluscs 181 web 182 document for Approx # of taxa in each taxa group in NM. Web is ok because verified with original Access database.

Molluscs - web number SGCN is 69; document is 66. web is ok because extra species are: Dry Creek Woodlandsnail, Silver Creek Woodlandsnail, and Heart Vertigo snail

Molluscs percentage is 36 in document; 38 in web. 38 is ok in web because the other numbers make it so.

Reptiles % is 30 on web and 31 in document. This is a rounding issue and web is ok at 30.

Arthropods subtotal for Approx number is 1166 in document;1165 in web. Web is of because Molluscs have 181 instead of 182.

Canadian Watershed says 1 reptile in document; 2 in web. (Midland smooth softshell turtle)

Canadian Watershed totals 36 document; 37 web. (Midland smooth softshell turtle)

Arizona-New Mexico Birds is 35 document but is 34 web (red-faced warbler listed 2 times in document)

Total for Arizona-New Mexico is 80 document but is 79 web (removal of 2nd red-faced warbler)

Southern Rocky Mountains Ecoregion birds web says 25; document says 26 (25 in database and table 5-7, error in table 4-3)

southern Rocky Mountains total says 49 web; 50 document (49 in database and table 5-7,error in table 4-3)

San Juan Water Shed Birds is 11 web; 13 document (northern harrier and American bittern in document but not in key habitats)

Gila Amphibian 6 in document; 7 in web. (Mountain tree frog added in)

Gila Total 50 on web; 49 in document (Mountain tree frog added in)

Rio Grande bird 18 in document; 19 in web (added in neotropical cormorant)

Rio Grande total 53 in document; 54 in web (added in neotropical cormorant)

San Juan total 22 in document; 20 in web (northern harrier and American bittern in document but not in key habitats)

Gila Pyrg Snail on web; Pyrgulopsis spp. Snail in document.

Noel's Amphipod on web; Gammarus spp. in document

Sideswimmers/Scuds on web; Hyalella spp. in document

Eastern Barking Frog - status "None" on web; "Not listed" in document

Peloncillo Mountains Talussnail - status "None" on web; "Species of Concern" in document.

 


 List of Ecological Frameworks and Corresponding Key Habitats.

Ecological Framework

Key Habitat

 

 

Additional Species

Various Terrestrial for SGCN

 

 

Apache Highlands Ecoregion

Chihuahuan Semi-Desert Grassland

 

Madrean Encinal

 

Madrean Pine-Oak/Conifer-Oak Forest and Woodland

 

 

Arizona-New Mexico Mountains Ecoregion

Madrean Encinal

 

Madrean Pine-Oak/Conifer-Oak Forest and Woodland

 

Rocky Mountain Montane Mixed Conifer Forest and Woodland

 

Western Great Plains Shortgrass Prairie

 

 

Canadian Watershed

Perennial 1st / 2nd order stream

 

Perennial 3rd / 4th order stream

 

Perennial Large Reservoir

 

Perennial Marsh/Cienega/Spring/Seep

 

 

Chihuahuan Desert Ecoregion

Chihuahuan Semi-Desert Grassland

 

Western Great Plains Sandhill Sagebrush Shrubland

 

 

Colorado Plateau Ecoregion

Inter-Mountain Basins Big Sagebrush Shrubland

 

 

Gila Watershed

Perennial 1st / 2nd order stream

 

Perennial 3rd / 4th order stream

 

Perennial 5th order stream

 

Perennial Marsh/Cienega/Spring/Seep

 

 

Mimbres Watershed

Perennial 1st / 2nd order stream

 

Perennial 3rd / 4th order stream

 

Perennial Marsh/Cienega/Spring/Seep

 

 

Pecos Watershed

Perennial 1st / 2nd order stream

 

Perennial 3rd / 4th order stream

 

Perennial 5th order stream

 

Perennial Large Reservoir

 

Perennial Marsh/Cienega/Spring/Seep

 

 

Rio Grande Watershed

Perennial 1st / 2nd order stream

 

Perennial 3rd / 4th order stream

 

Perennial 5th order stream

 

Perennial Large Reservoir

 

Perennial Marsh/Cienega/Spring/Seep

 

 

San Juan Watershed

Perennial 3rd / 4th order stream

 

Perennial 5th order stream

 

Perennial Large Reservoir

 

 

 

Southern Rocky Mountains Ecoregion

Inter-Mountain Basins Big Sagebrush Shrubland

 

Rocky Mountain Alpine-Montane Wet Meadow

 

Rocky Mountain Montane Mixed Conifer Forest and Woodland

 

 

Southern Shortgrass Prairie Ecoregion

Western Great Plains Sandhill Sagebrush Shrubland

 

Western Great Plains Shortgrass Prairie

 

 

Statewide - Aquatic

Ephemeral 1st / 2nd order stream

 

Ephemeral Man-made Catchments

 

Ephemeral Marsh/Cienega

 

Ephemeral Natural Catchments

 

Perennial Tank

 

 

Statewide - Riparian

Riparian

 

 

Tularosa Watershed

Perennial 1st / 2nd order stream

 

Perennial Marsh/Cienega/Spring/Seep

 

 

Zuni Watershed

Perennial 1st / 2nd order stream

 

Perennial 3rd / 4th order stream

 

 


Glossary 

 

 

Abiotic resource use- The use of non-living natural resources. Example: Hard-rock mining.

 

Adaptive management- A natural resources management process under which planning, implementation, monitoring, research, evaluation and incorporation of new information are combined into a management approach that is: 1) Based on scientific findings and the needs of society, 2) Treats management actions as experiments, 3) Acknowledges the complexity of these systems and scientific uncertainty, 4) Uses the resulting new information to modify future management methods and policy.

 

Aestivate- The condition of dormancy or torpidity.

 

Agrading- Increasing the surface substrate level.

 

Agricultural chemicals- The application of pesticides or fertilizers to large tracts of land for farming purposes.

 

Agricultural production/Livestock production- Agriculture production includes the growing of field crops, fruits, nuts, vegetables, or flowers.  Livestock production includes the production of livestock and livestock products, especially dairies.

 

Alien species- Species that are not native to the ecosystem.

 

Altered hydro period- Any physical activity that will change the natural hydoperiod of the wetland.

 

Amphibians- An animal, such as a frog, which lives both on land and in water but must lay its eggs in water.

 

Animal herbivory-The utilization of forage by domestic or wild animals.

 

Anostracans- An order of crustaceans, known as fairy shrimps or brine shrimps. These organisms range up to about 4 in (100 mm) long, but usually are much smaller.

 

Anthropogenically induced-Human-caused impacts to natural resources.

 

Apache Highlands Ecoregion- The Apache Highlands Ecoregion extends from central to southeastern Arizona into southwestern New Mexico, the western tip of Texas, and northern Mexico.  This ecoregion contains 30 million acres and is known as the Sky Islands Mountain Archipelago.

 

Area-sensitive species- Those species whose life history needs are influenced by spatial requirements.

 

Argillic soil horizon-A subsurface soil layer with an accumulation of silicate clays.

 

Arizona-New Mexico Mount ains Ecoregion- The Arizona-New Mexico Mountains Ecoregion encompasses the highlands of eastern Arizona and central and western New Mexico covering 29 million acres of land.

 

Arthropod- Any of numerous invertebrate animals of the phylum Arthropoda, including insects, crustaceans and arachnids that are characterized by a chitinous exoskeleton and a segmented body to which jointed appendages are articulated in pairs.

 

Astatic- Without orientation or directional characteristics. Having no tendency to change position.

 

ATV- All-terrain vehicle.

 

ATVs/snowmobiles/off-road vehicles- Any motor vehicle designed for use on unimproved or open terrain for recreational purposes.

 

Avifauna- The birds of a specific region or period.

 

Avulsion- Any sudden cutting off or separation of land or abrupt change in the course of a stream, generally by breaking through the stream banks during a flood, including the formation of a cutoff meander.

 

Bajadas- A geologic term for alluvial sediment at the base of a mountain that extends outward from the base onto the floodplain. A bajada can be relatively narrow, made up of two or three fans, or a broad, extensive, continuous alluvial slope consisting of many fans. The upper boundary of a bajada is commonly merged with a pediment slope.

 

Bioaccumulation- The accumulation of toxic substances, such as a chemicals or metals, found in tissues of a living organism.

 

Biodiversity- The number and variety of organisms found within a specified region.

 

Biomass- The total mass of living material within a given unit of area.

 

Biological soil crusts-The community of organisms living at the surface of desert soils.  Major components are cyanobacteria, green algae, microfungi, mosses, liverworts and lichens.

 

BISON-M database- A natural history database containing information on 1,166 species in New Mexico and some species in Arizona and Colorado.

 

Bivalves- A mollusc (such as a clam) that has a shell consisting of two hinged sides.

 

Boolean overlay- An analysis procedure in GIS where overlaying spatial data from two or more map layers are used to create new features and attributes from the input layers.   Spatial data layers are queried using Boolean logic and may be added, subtracted, or multiplied together.

 

Boreal forest- Post-pliocene conifer forests consisting of pines and fir trees.

 

Bosque-The forested area on either side of a watercourse, typically in the Southwest.

 

Brackish- Water having less salt than seawater, but still undrinkable.

 

Branchiopods- Any of various aquatic crustaceans of the subclass Branchiopoda, such as the fairy shrimp and water fleas, characterized by a segmented body and flattened, leaf-like thoracic appendages.

 

Calcic soil horizon-A mineral soil horizon with evidence of calcium carbonate deposition.

 

Caliche- A layer of hard alkaline clay typically used for road building.

 

Canadian Watershed- The Canadian River tributaries flow east and southeast from their origins on the east slopes of the Sangre de Cristo cordillera of northern New Mexico and southern Colorado. The watershed encompasses about one-sixth the land area of the state or about 44,000 km2.

 

Carrying capacity- Maximum number of individuals that a given environment can support without detrimental effects.

 

Catostomids- The sucker family that includes approximately 61 species in the order.

Cypriniformes. They are the most abundant fishes in North America.

 

Centrarchids- The sunfish family that includes 30 species in the order Perciformes. The bass and crappie are included, and all are native only to North America.

 

Channel morphology-The shape and structure of streambeds.

 

Channelization- The mechanical alteration of a stream which includes straightening  or dredging of the existing channel, or creating a new channel to which the stream is diverted.

 

Chaparral- A vegetation type consisting of mostly evergreen shrubs.

 

Charismatic species-Larger high-profile animals that receive a lot of public attention.

 

Chihuahuan Desert Ecoregion - The Chihuahuan Desert Ecoregion encompasses approximately 70 million hectares from San Luis Potosi, Mexico north to southwestern Texas and southern New Mexico.

 

Chihuahuan Mesquite Upland Scrub- An upland shrubland that is concentrated in the grassland-shrubland transition in foothills and piedmont slopes in the Chihuahuan Desert.

 

Chihuahuan Semi-Desert Grasslands- A broadly defined desert grassland, mixed shrub-succulent or xeromorphic tree savanna that is typical of the Borderlands of Arizona, New Mexico and northern Mexico.

 

Cienega-A swampy or typically wet area supported by a spring or other water source. Also called a wetland, marsh, or swamp.

 

Closed basins-A geographic area where all surface waters drain into a basin with no outlet.

 

Colorado Plateau Ecoregion- The Colorado Plateau Ecoregion encompasses the four corners region of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. The ecoregion contains 48.5 million acres.

 

Competition/predation- The use or defense of a resource by one individual or species that reduces the availability of that resource to another individual or species; the consumption of one organism by another organism.  Usually to the detriment of an unstable population.

 

Consumptive biological use-The removal of biological natural resources such as hunting, fishing and logging.

 

Coppicing- To cut back or burn woody plants to produce shoots from stumps or roots.

 

CRP-Conservation Reserve Program. A federal program that pays landowners not to produce agricultural products or graze livestock on a piece of land.

 

Crustaceans- Predominantly aquatic arthropods of the class Crustacea, including lobsters, crabs, shrimps, and barnacles, characteristically having a segmented body, a chitinous exoskeleton, and paired, jointed limbs.

 

CWCS/NM-Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy.

 

Cyprinidae- The minnow and carp family, which makes up the largest fish family with more than 2000 species in the order Cypriniformes.

 

Cyst- An encapsulated minute organism that is going into a resting or spore-like stage.

 

Dams- Barriers across perennial or ephemeral drainages that obstructs, directs, or retards water flow and creates a reservoir, lake, or impoundment.

 

Degrading- Lower the surface substrate level.

 

Disjunct habitats- Habitats that are not adjacent, separated.

 

Deforestation- Removal of large blocks of forested lands to provide land for agricultural, development, or timber purposes.

 

Delisting-Removing a species from either the federal or state Endangered Species list.

 

Desertification- The transformation of arable or habitable land to desert, by a change in climate or destructive land use.

 

Desiccation- Permanent decrease or disappearance of water caused by a variety of factors.

 

Diapausing- Periods of physiologically enforced dormancy between periods of activity.

 

Disease/parasites/pathogens- A native or exotic organism that can negatively impact the habitat.

 

Disjunctive-Serving to separate or divide.

 

Disturbance forests- An event that causes change in structure and composition of the forest such as fire, flood, wind, or earthquake or mortality caused by insect, disease outbreaks, Forest disturbance can also be human caused such as timber harvest.

 

Dog-hair thickets-Very dense stands of same-age woody vegetation. Optimum growth by individual plants is inhibited by the environmental conditions.

 

Drainage of wetlands- The artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a wetland.

 

Drought- A drought is an prolonged period where precipitation, and thus water availability, falls below the requirements for a region.

 

Ecological sustainability-A human system of natural resource use that can be maintained into the future. The long-term maintenance of ecosystem functions, processes and services over time.

 

Ecological sustainability & integrity- Maintenance/restoration of the composition, structure, and processes of ecosystems (i.e. biotic diversity, ecosystem productive capacity, ecological processes, disturbance regimes, soil productivity, water quality and air quality).

 

Ecosystem- A plant and animal community together with its environment, functioning as a unit.

 

Ecosystem integrity- Incorporates the concept of functioning and resilience.  Five goals of ecosystem integrity were defined by Grumbine (1994) including 1) maintaining viable populations 2) ecosystem representation 3) maintaining ecological processes 4) protecting evolutionary potential and 5) accommodating human uses.

 

Edaphic conditions-Relating to soil, especially as it affects living organisms.

 

Embayment- A bay or bay like shape.

 

Endangered species- Species present in such small numbers that they are at risk of extinction.

 

Endemic- Native to or confined to a certain region.

 

Endorheic basin- A drainage pattern of a basin or region in which little or none of the surface drainage leaves the basin.

 

Ephemeral- Channel or basin which carries water only during and immediately after periods of rainfall or snowmelt.

 

Ephemeral natural catchments-A natural water collecting feature that accumulates water temporarily after rainfall events.

 

Episodic fires-Fires that occur at relatively predictable intervals.

 

Equilibrium- A condition in which all influences are canceled by others, resulting in a stable, balanced, or unchanging system.

 

Exotic species- Species that are not native to the ecosystem, introduced from elsewhere.

 

Exotic or invasive plants- A plant (often non-native) that becomes established and spreads aggressively into new areas and environments, often with detrimental effects on native plant species.

 

Extant populations- Still existing, not destroyed, lost, or extinct.

 

Extinct- No longer existing or living.

 

Extirpated- Locally destroyed or exterminated.

 

Exurbia- A residential area outside of a city and beyond suburbia.

 

Fauna- The animals of a particular region or period, considered as a group.

 

Fellfields- The environment of a slope, usually alpine or tundra, where the dynamics of freeze and thaw cycles and wind give rise to characteristic plant forms.

 

Fire management- All activities associated with the management of fire on a given landscape, including prescribed fires, aggressive initial attack, decisions regarding let burn policies, and fuel loading.

 

Flora- Plants considered as a group, especially the plants of a particular country, region, or time.

 

Flow regime-The flow of a moving body of water, i.e. river or stream, over time and space.

 

Founder population- Typically the original, small population that occurs when a species invades a new area. The concept of a founder population is usually used in a context of subsequent population growth.

 

Fuel wood collection- Collection of any woody biomass for use as fuel.

 

Gastropods- Any of various molluscs of the class Gastropoda, such as the snail, slug, cowrie, or limpet, characteristically having a single, usually coiled shell or no shell at all, a ventral muscular foot for locomotion, and eyes and feelers located on a distinct head.

 

Geographically Isolated Wetlands- Wetlands that are completely surrounded by upland at the local scale. For this document, we’ve included large endorheic basins, complexes of wetlands within a single basin, and individual isolated wetlands.

 

Geothermal energy- Natural heat from within the earth usually carried to the surface as superheated water and steam and captured for production of electric power or space heating.  Factors that influence habitats include the development and maintenance of geothermal facilities.

 

Gila Watershed- The watershed lies within southwest New Mexico and is comprised of two major streams, the Gila and San Francisco rivers.

 

GIS– Geographic Information Systems.

 

Graminaceous plants- Herbaceous plants with hollow jointed stems and narrow long-bladed leaves commonly known as grasses.

 

Ground water depletion- A sustained removal of groundwater through anthropogenic uses such as agriculture, urban or industrial uses that lowering the water table.

 

Habitat- The area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives or occurs.

 

Habitat conversion- The alteration or change of a habitat by anthropogenic or natural means.

 

Headcutting-The early stage of an erosional process that creates arroyos.

 

Hectare- A metric unit of area equal to 2.471 acres.

 

Herbaceous plants- Soft, green plant containing little woody tissue.

 

Herbicide shrub control- The application of herbicides at large scales to remove or control woody vegetation such as salt cedar, shinnery oak, and creosotebush.

 

Herbivorous animals- Plant-eating animals.

 

Herpetofauna- The reptiles and amphibians of a specific region or period.

 

Hibernacula roosts- The winter shelter of a hibernating bat colony.

 

Hunting/gathering- Legal harvesting of wildlife or the collecting of wild non-endangered plants.

 

Hybridization- Production of offspring from genetically different strains, populations, or species.

 

Hydrologic regimes- The movement of water, including atmospheric, ground and surface water over time, distance and space.

 

Hydroperiods-The period during which a soil is waterlogged.

 

Hydropower- Development and maintenance of facilities that use flowing water to generate electricity.

 

Ictaluridae- The North American catfish family in the order Siluriformes containing approx. 45 species. They are scaleless fish and usually dark in color.

 

Improper grazing practices- Practices that reduce long-term plant and animal productivity, and include both domestic livestock and wildlife.

 

Incised channel- A land surface that had been deeply down-cut by flowing water forming a narrow channel with steep sides.

 

Indicative species- Species indicative of New Mexico’s diverse life zones, habitats, and natural heritage.

 

Instream flow-A legal term for allowing water to remain in aquatic habitats to maintain aquatic wildlife.

 

Intermountain Basins Big Sagebrush Shrubland- Cold desert located in the northwestern to north central part of New Mexico, typically occurring in broad basins between mountain ranges, plains and foothills.

 

Inundation- Flooding, by the rise and spread of water, of a land surface that is not normally submerged.

 

Introgression-Backcrossing of hybrids of two plant populations to introduce new genes into wild populations.

 

Invasive species-An alien species whose introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health.

 

Invertebrates- Animals that have no spinal column.

 

Irrigation diversion/return- Artificially supplying land with water for agriculture, usually through ditches, pipes, or diverting rivers.

 

Island Mountains-Mountain ranges isolated by broad valleys in which other ecosystems are located. As a result, the mountain ecosystems are isolated from each other, and species can develop in parallel.

 

Jurisdictional waters- Waters that fall under the jurisdiction of the Clean Water Act which strives to preserve and protect water quality and quantity. Not all wetlands or waters of the state are considered Jurisdictional Waters.

 

Keystone species- Species that have a large overall effect on ecosystem structure or function. This effect is disproportionately large relative to species abundance. Examples include prairie dogs, beaver and bison.

 

Ladder fuels-Plants of varying heights that allows a ground fire to reach the lower branches of trees and spread to the canopy.

 

Livestock/dairy groundwater contamination- Contamination of groundwater from livestock manure, runoff, silage storage, milkhouse waste water, and/or improperly disposed of dead animals.

 

Logging- The practice of harvesting timber from forests.

 

Loss of keystone species- The loss of specific species whose presence contributes to a diversity of life and whose extinction would consequently lead to the extinction of other forms of life.

 

Lotic habitats- Habitat in moving water.

 

Lowhead diversion dam- Diversion dam is a structure placed across a stream to divert water into another waterway.  In a lowhead dam, the water above is not high above the turbines, if present.

 

Macroinvertebrates- Larger-than-microscopic invertebrate animals. Freshwater macroinvertebrates include aquatic insects, worms, clams, snails, and crustaceans.

 

Madrean Archipelago Region-A biogeographic region that includes south east Arizona, southwest New Mexico, and Northern Mexico and contains floral and faunal influences from the Sierra Madre Mountains of Mexico.

 

Madrean Encinal-An oak dominated woodland and savanna within the Madrean Archipelago/Sky Island Region.

 

Madrean Pine-Oak Conifer-Oak Forest and Woodland- A pine/oak forest or woodland, and mixed conifer/oak forest or woodland within the Madrean Archipelago/Sky Island Region.

 

Marsh-A type of wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants in a context of shallow water.

 

Mesic riparians- A moist vegetative habitat on the banks of rivers, streams and seeps.

 

Mesohabitats- Localized physiographic (streams, seeps, cliffs) or physiognomic (forests) features.

 

Metapopulation- A theory that assumes an environment consists of discrete patches of suitable habitat surrounded by unsuitable habitat, interconnected through patterns of gene flow, extinction, and recolonization.

 

Military maneuvers- Military training exercises that negatively impact the environment, e.g. tank movement.

 

Mimbres Watershed- The Mimbres River occupies a small basin in southwest within Grant County, New Mexico.  It headwaters on west and south-facing slopes of the Black Range, flows southward, and dissipates onto the desert.

 

Mining- Extraction of minerals from surface and subsurface areas from the earth.

 

Modification of Natural Processes- Drought is a process that influences all habitats in the southwest. Most of forested systems have low resistance to drought. Riparian areas have high likelihood of being altered by extended drought periods.

 

Molluscanfaunal- The molluscs of a specific region or period.

 

Molluscs- Aquatic invertebrates, including shellfish and snails, typically having a soft unsegmented body, a mantle, and a protective calcareous shell.

 

Monsoonal rain events- Weather system that influences large climatic regions. In the Southwest it is typically characterized by heavy summer rainfall and thunderstorms.

 

Montane- Of, growing in, or inhabiting mountain areas.

 

Morphology- The form and structure of an organism or one of its parts.

 

Native species- Originating and adapted in a certain place or region, indigenous.

 

Natural hydrograph-The physical conditions, boundaries, flow, and related characteristics of surface waters unaffected my man.

 

Neotropical migrant-Bird species wintering in the tropical regions of the New World that migrate to the temperate regions of North America to breed.

 

NGOs-Non-government organizations

 

NMDGF-New Mexico Department of Game and Fish

 

Non-consumptive biological use- Recreational enjoyment of biological natural resources such as bird watching, catch-and-release fishing and wildlife photography.

 

Non-native species- Species that are not native to the ecosystem, introduced from elsewhere.

 

Non-sustainable grazing practices- Reduced ability of the land to sustain long-term forage removal as a result of domestic and/or wild animal grazing.

 

Noxious weeds-Plant species harmful to living things; injurious to health of other plants or animals.

 

Obligate- Plants or animals able to exist or survive only in a particular environment or by assuming a particular role.

 

Oil and Gas exploration/development- Conducting geological and geophysical surveys, exploratory drilling in the most promising areas, and finally, drilling of oil and gas wells for production.  Factors that influence habitats include exploration and development of oil and gas. 

 

Outdoor recreation- The use of public and private lands for human enjoyment and relaxation.  These activities typically have a low impact to the surrounding habitat.

 

Palustrine marshes- All nontidal wetlands dominated by trees, shrubs, peristent emergents, emergent mosses or lichen.

 

PCA-Prairie-chicken Area, owned by the State Game Commission for protection of prairie chicken habitat.

 

Pecos Watershed- The Pecos River originates in North Central New Mexico. Flowing southward it encompasses 50,022 km2 within the state.

 

Perennial- Body of water, which contains water at all times except during extreme drought.

 

Perennial 1st and 2nd order stream- First and second order perennial streams are typically small headwater streams in New Mexico.  First order streams have no other tributaries; they are the start of the river system.  Second order streams are formed when at least two first order streams join.

 

Perennial 3rd and 4th order stream- Third and fourth order streams in New Mexico are typically mid-sized streams, formed when at least two second order streams join, then when at least two third order streams join.

 

Perennial 5th order stream- Fifth order streams are the largest rivers in New Mexico, including the San Juan, Pecos and Rio Grande.  The joining of at least two fourth order streams forms fifth order streams.

 

Perennial graminoids- Grasses and grass-like plants such as sedges and rushes that grow from the same rootstock every year.

 

Perennial large reservoir- Perennial large reservoirs in New Mexico are natural or man-made impoundments. They include the lower Pecos River reservoirs and Elephant Butte Reservoir.

 

Perennial spring/seep/marsh/cienega- Variety of wetted, slow or not flowing habitats.  These can vary from deep spring pools to wide, shallow marshes.

 

Phytophagous insect species-Insects that feed on plants or plant matter.

 

Piscivores-Habitually feeding on fish; fish-eating.

 

PIT tags-Passive Infrared Transponder.  Tiny identification chips which are harmlessly injected into an animal for permanent identification.

 

Plant species with C3 and C4 photosynthetic pathways- C3 plants are typically shrubs and trees, while C4 plants are predominantly grasses. They respond differently to changes in atmospheric gases, temperature and soil moisture.

 

Playa- A nearly level, generally dry surface in the lowest part of an arid basin with internal drainage. When its surface is covered by shallow water, it is called a playa lake.

 

Population energetics– The estimated daily energy expenditure that animals need for survival; including energy from food and reserves

 

Prairie chicken leks-A mating and ritualistic display area for prairie chickens.

 

Predator extermination- Legal harvesting of carnivores that negatively impact or are in conflict with humans and human activities.

 

Prescribed burning-Planned burning by land management agencies under specific weather conditions to remove excess plant material and replicate natural fire regimes.

 

Pulmonate- Possessing lungs or lung-like organs.

 

Ranid frog - Member of a large family of frogs characterized by slightly dilated transverse sacral processes.

 

Recruitment- Renew or restore the health or vitality of a species with new members.

 

Regulated flows- Surface flows downstream from a dam or other controlled structure that modifies natural flow conditions.

 

Removal of wildlife by collectors- Legal harvesting of wildlife, usually herpetofauna, at a rate detrimental to the sustainability of the species.

 

Reproductive phenology- Periodic biological phenomena, such as flowering, breeding, and migration, in relation to climatic conditions.

 

Reptile- Any of various cold-blooded, usually egg-laying vertebrates such as snakes, lizards or turtles, having an external covering of scales or horny plates and breathing by means of lungs.

 

Rio Grande Watershed- The state’s largest watershed originates in the San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado and flows south through central New Mexico for the entire length of the State.

 

Riparian habitat- Vegetative habitat on the banks of rivers, streams and seeps.

 

Riverine- Located on or inhabiting the banks of a river.

 

Roads, highways, railroads, and utility corridors- Development and maintenance of roads, railroads, pipelines, transmission lines, and utility corridors including the adjacent right of way.

 

Rocky Mountain Alpine-Montane Wet Meadow- High-elevation communities found throughout the Rocky Mountains and intermountain regions, dominated by herbaceous species found on wetter sites with very low-velocity surface and subsurface flows.

 

Rocky Mountain Montane Mixed Conifer Forest and Woodland- Highly variable habitat of the montane zone of the Rocky Mountains.  These are mixed-conifer forests occurring at elevations ranging from 1200 to 3300 m.

 

Salterns- A large, shallow basin where brackish water is evaporated by solar heat, leaving salt deposits.

 

San Juan Watershed- The San Juan River watershed is almost entirely within San Juan County, New Mexico.  The river originates in the San Juan Mountains of southwestern Colorado, enters New Mexico northeast of Farmington, flows westward to exit the state near Four Corners.

 

Sangre de Cristo cordillera-The Sangre de Cristo mountain range.

 

Savannas- Grassland habitats broken intermittently by trees or shrubs.

 

Scientific research- Scientific research, including treatments, which disrupt the habitat or behavior of species in the course of the study.

 

Sediment load- The natural inorganic soil materials suspended in or transported by a stream.

 

Seep-A generally small area where water percolates slowly to the surface.

 

Seral stages-A transitory plant community that develops during ecological succession from bare ground to the climax stage.

 

Sewage/septic- Wastewater generated by commercial, industrial, or domestic use of the water supply that is normally eliminated by the local sewer system.  Exposure to sewage may cause disease transmission.

 

SGCN-Species of Greatest Conservation Need

 

Shin-oak motts-Growing clumps or hedges of shinnery oak.

 

Solid waste- Household garbage, yard waste, and recyclable items illegally or improperly discarded.

 

Solifluction-A type of permanently frozen earthflow often found in Periglacial environments. During warm seasonal periods, the surface layer melts and literally slides across the frozen under layer slowly moving downslope.

 

Southern Rocky Mountains Ecoregion- The Southern Rocky Mountains Ecoregion encompasses nearly 40 million acres across portions of southern Wyoming, central Colorado, and northern New Mexico.

 

Southern Shortgrass Prairie Ecoregion- This area is dominated by immense expanses of grasses including blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis) and buffalo grass (Buchloe dactyloides).

 

Species Related Threats- Included threats are commercial trade, indiscriminate harvest, disease, hybridization, competition with native species, pet trade, and fluctuations in prey base.

 

Sphaeriid- Minute bog beetles, a small family of coleopteran insects in the suborder Myxophaga.

 

Spring-The location where an underground source of water emerges from the ground.

 

Stand replacing crown fires-Intense wildfires fires that reach the crowns of trees and kill entire stands; often resulting in a habitat conversion to grasslands or shrublands.

 

Steppe- A vast semiarid grass-covered plain, as found in southeast Europe, Siberia, and central North America.

 

Stochastic events- Events occurring at random or variable intervals.

 

Subalpine- Relating to, inhabiting, or growing in mountainous regions just below the timberline.

 

SWANCC Supreme Court decision- A Supreme Court decision that limited the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Clean Water Act authority over a man-made water feature.

 

SWReGAP- Southwest Regional Gap Analysis Project, a mapping assessment of land cover, habitats, (floral and faunal) biodiversity, and land management status for the five-state region of AZ, CA, NV, NM, and UT. (http://fws-nmcfwru.nmsu.edu/swregap/).

 

Sympatric-Occurring in the same area.

 

Talus slopes- Sloping mass of broken rock debris at the base of a cliff.

 

Tank- Man-made structure designed to hold water from a runoff event or pump.

 

Taxa- A taxonomic category or group, such as a phylum, order, family, genus, or species

 

Threatened species-Species of plants or animals of concern that have the potential of becoming endangered.

 

Tobosa swales-A species of grass that occurs primarily in shallow draws.

 

Toxic waste contamination- Contamination from waste that poses a substantial hazard to human health or the environment when improperly handled.

 

Trophic dynamics- Interactions of organisms at different levels of biological organizations within food webs.

 

Tularosa Watershed- The closed basin covers approximately 13,000 km2 in south central New Mexico in the northern Chihuahuan Desert.

 

Ungulates- Animals belonging to the orders Perissodactyla and Artiodactyla composed of the hoofed mammals such as horses, cattle, deer, elk, and pigs.

 

Uplisting- Elevating a species from threatened to endangered under either the federal or state endangered species list.

 

Urban, commercial/industrial, and recreational development- Urban development entails the conversion or expansion of  urban, suburbia, and exurbia areas into previous wildland areas.  Likewise, commercial and industrial development entails the conversion or expansion of commercial or industrial operations, building, or development into previous wildland areas.  Recreational development is similar, where commercial industry is based on recreational opportunities, such as skiing.

 

Ustic soils-A soil moisture regime where moisture is limited but present at times suitable for plant growth.  Ustic soils are moist for more than 180 cumulative days per years or for 90 or more consecutive days.

 

Vertebrates- Animals that have a spinal column.

 

Voracious- Having a huge appetite.

 

Water withdrawal/dewatering- Removal of surface water from any natural source or reservoir for human use.

 

Watershed- Region draining into a river, river system, or other body of water.

 

Western Great Plains Sand Sagebrush- Found mostly in southeastern areas of New Mexico. The climate is semi-arid to arid. Soils are well-drained, deep and sandy. They are associated with dune systems and ancient floodplains.

 

Western Great Plains Shortgrass Prairie- Found primarily in the eastern third of New Mexico and occurs primarily on flat to rolling uplands with loamy, ustic soils ranging from sand to clay.

 

Wildland-urban interface- Zone of contact between human development and undeveloped forested habitats.

 

Wind farms- A cluster of wind turbines placed in a location that has an above-average occurrence of strong and steady winds used to generate electricity.  Factors that influence habitats include the development and maintenance of these wind turbines.

 

Xeric habitat-Habitats found in arid regions.

 

Xeric riparian areas- Dry vegetative habitat on the banks of rivers, streams and seeps.

 

Zuni Watershed- Drains about 3,400 km2 as it flows from its headwaters in west-central New Mexico to the Little Colorado River in Arizona.  Continuous flow is absent from the headwaters downstream to the Arizona/New Mexico border. Surface flow is only continuous during heavy spring run-off.

 

 

 

Last updated: 7 March 2008